2018’s last beach clean

Volunteers and litter collected from Whitehaven North Shore

Last week we had our final beach clean of 2018.  A fantastic 23 people came along to Whitehaven’s North shore and helped us on a bright, and somewhat breezy, day.  This beach clean was the first where we’ve used the hessian coffee sacks which Carvetii Coffee have kindly donated to us.  We’re using the sacks instead of bin bags so that we’re sending less plastic to landfill.  They hessian sacks not only hold more waste, but we hope they’ll also beak down quicker than plastic.

Beach litter collected from Whitehaven North Shore

Beach litter collected from Whitehaven North Shore

 

We know from previous beach cleans that there’s lots of rope in the rock armour at Whitehaven so we decided to come armed with and assortment of implements to try and cut this out.  It takes a lot of time to say through nylon rope so we were really lucky to have a few dedicated volunteers who tackled the worst areas.

Because we had lots of people we also decided to survey the litter we collected.  We use the Marine Conservation Society’s beachwatch surveying method so that we can contribute all the data to a national record and help to build up a picture of the national marine litter issue.

Surveying litter and beach cleaning at Whitehaven North Shore

Surveying litter and beach cleaning at Whitehaven North Shore

In total we collected 346 pieces of litter in an hour and a half.  Not bad when you consider some of that had to be cut from amongst the rock armour, dragged a few hundred metres along the beach or picked up at arms reach with a litter picker.  The table below gives you an idea of the variety of material we found.

Types of material collected during a beach clean at Whitehaven North Shore

Types of material collected during a beach clean at Whitehaven North Shore

 

Plastic makes up a staggering 63.5% of all the litter found on the day, and a lot of that was plastic bottles, bottle cpas, food wrapping and other items which could have been recycled.  Coming in second place was paper and cardboard – a lot of this was fast food rubbish and should have been disposed of properly rather than ending up on the beach.  The best finds of the day included fishing bouys, fishing crates, two tyres and two wellies – found quite far apart but possibly a pair!  the fishing crate has been repurposed and our Project Officer is now using it to store and transport all of our beach cleaning gear around (reduce, reuse, recycle in action!)

We’ll be looking back over all our 2018 beach cleans soon, and giving you some idea of how much litter we’ve collected this year.  But in the meantime we’ve finalised the dates of all of our beach cleans for 2019…so if you’re at a loose end on the last Thursday of the month then come along!  All the details can be found on our events page.

 

A small part of the big beach cleaning picture

For the last two years we’ve organised beach cleans as part of the Marine Conservation Society’s Great British Beach Clean, the biggest beach clean and survey in the UK.

While we’ve only taken art for the last two years, the GBBC and Beachwatch programmes has been running for over 25 years.  In this time volunteers have collected information which has helped make some of the most significant impacts on beach litter ever – the plastic bag charge, microplastics banned in personal care products, better wet wipe labelling, and massive support for a tax on ‘on the go’ plastic single use items.

The GBBC 2018 Report, shows that across the UK on average, a staggering 600 items of litter on every 100 metres of beach that were cleaned and surveyed.  While that’s still a huge amount it’s actually 16% down on last year.

Beach cleaning finds at Whitehaven North Shore

Finding rope nearly as tall as our beach cleaners at Whitehaven’s North Shore

On a chilly and wet September day we did our Great British Beach Clean at North Shore in Whitehaven and found 269 pieces of litter in our 100 metre survey area.  Most of the litter we found was plastic (over 47%), and 64% of the litter we found came from the public – things like bottles, fast food wrappers and cigarette butts.  This is much more than the national figure of 28%.

So, what can you do to help us keep beaches clean?  You can join us on Wednesday 12th December when we’ll be back beach cleaning at North Shore (we bring everything you need, just come along and join in).  We’ve also written an article with a few ideas before to get you started reducing how much plastic you use.  A Deposit Return System (DRS) is under development in Scotland and has been promised for England.  The MCS says the Government now has a golden opportunity to bring in the best system possible – one that will include all bottles and cans and all sizes.  A consultation on a DRS in England is expected to be launched any day now.  Keep your eye on the MCS website and social media feeds to see how you comment on the proposals.

 

 

‘Excellent’ bathing waters at St Bees beach

The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) has published statistics that reveal that 97% of the North West’s bathing waters meet the government’s required standards for water quality.  St Bees beach has achieved ‘excellent’ status, which is the highest, cleanest class and the required standard to qualify for Blue Flag status.  Great news whether you swim, walk, sail, surf, paddle, stroll or play on the beach.

A new classification for bathing water quality was brought in 4 years ago.  The new classifications are much tougher than the previous system of classification but 97.9% of bathing waters in England now comply with at least the minimum standard.  The results are based on four seasons (May to September) of monitoring for the bacteria Escherichia coli and intestinal enterococci in the water so the 2018 results actually reflect the water quality from 2015-2018.  The level of bacteria can be impacted by a range of factors including the weather, e.g. high rainfall causing sewer overflows, or other issues such as pollution from agriculture or urban areas.

Cotton bud sticks found at St Bees

Cotton bud sticks found while beach cleaning at St Bees

 

Alongside a range of stakeholders (including the Environment Agency, United Utilities and the local authorities), hundreds of residents from across the North West have engaged with LOVEmyBEACH to reduce pollution and improve the regions rivers, lakes and the sea.  Even though lots of good work has already been done, there’s still more to do.  Why not see how you can help our coastline from the comfort of your own home by making some simple changes, check out our blog post for a few ideas of how to start.  You can also come along to a beach clean – join us at Whitehaven on 12th December for our last beach clean of the year.  We provide all the equipment you’ll need and even supply biscuits!

Cumbria Coastal Strategy

Cumbria County Council are currently consulting on their Coastal Strategy and they want to know what you think!  Everyone living, visiting or working on or near the coast is invited to take part in determining how their local coastline should be managed.  Comments and feedback are welcomed but need to be in by the 14th December 2018.  More information can be found below.

Cumbria Coastal Strategy

Cumbria Coastal Strategy

The Cumbria Coastal Strategy (CCS) will be a plan to evaluate and manage the risks related to coastal flooding and erosion along the Cumbrian coastline on a long-term scale.  Following on from the North West Shoreline Management Plan (SMP2) which covered the coastline from the Great Orme in North Wales to the Scottish Border, the need for a more focused Strategy was identified.  The CCS will assess the existing condition of land and flood defences along the coastline and build on the existing proposals set out in the SMP2, identifying potential future interventions required. So, if you love, work or visit the coast, or just have some opinions on how you’d like to see it managed in the future then now’s your chance to speak up and let your thoughts be heard.  You can feedback online or by post, check the website for details.

Whitehaven beach clean – the results are in!

Yesterday we had a whopping 22 volunteers joining us at our regular Whitehaven beach clean, which is fantastic!  We decided to make use of the big numbers and do a Beach Watch survey of the beach alongside collecting all the litter we could find.

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Together we collected and recorded 623 pieces of litter with over 60% of what we collected being plastic or polystyrene.  The majority of what we found was sourced from the public, which means it was litter dropped by people – we found a lot of fast food waste, plastic bottles, cigarette butts and sweet wrappers.  All of which was picked up by our dedicated volunteers before it was washed out to sea to become part of the global marine litter crisis.

The results from the survey can be found here 181017 Whitehaven North Shore – Survey 17 Oct 2018

Its fantastic to see so many people coming along to help us tackle the marine litter problem.  In total we collected 25 bags of litter, lobster pots, a deck chair and part of a sofa! As always a huge THANK YOU to everyone who came along to help out – especially little Archie who missed a morning at nursery to come down but had a great time.

Chinese mitten crab

Recently the North Western Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authority issued an advisory notice for the presence of the Chinese Mitten Crab in the Walney Channel.

NWIFCA CMC leaflet October 18

This is an invasive non-native species and are listed as a Species of Union Concern under EU Invasive Alien Species Regulation.  For more information on how to identify the Chinese Mitten Crab, and what you do if you suspect the presence of Chinese Mitten Crab please see this page on the NW IFCA website.  They haven’t been seen in the area of the Colourful Coast but if you have any worries please contact the NW IFCA.

Not so fantastic microplastic

Microplastics on St Bees beach

On a visit to St Bees Beach after the recent storms we were shocked by the amount of plastic we found.  There was the usual waste of rope, bags, fishing line, food wrappers, bottles, cotton bud sticks, balloon strings.  But it was the micro plastics which were really evident on this occasion.

This is possibly because it was a neap tide, meaning that even though it was had been stormy, the tide wasn’t coming as far up the beach as it sometimes does.  This meant that the smallest of marine debris, which is usually washed up to the back of the beach and lost in amongst the shingle, was instead being left on the sand for all to see.

You might be asking what are micro plastics?  The U.S. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration defines microplastics as less than 5mm in diameter.  However, this can include primary microplastics (which are much smaller and usually come from plastic used in exfoliating face and body products or industrial processes) and secondary microplastics (which are made when larger plastic products break down into smaller pieces).  Micro plastics are known to harm marine life, which mistake them for food, and can be consumed by humans too via seafood, tap water and other food.

Most of the microplastics we found were nurdles.  Nurdles are small plastic pellets about the size of a lentil. Countless billion are used each year to make nearly all our plastic products but many end up washing up on our shores.  Spills and mishandling by industry can mean nurdles end up at sea.  Unlike large pieces of plastic marine litter, nurdles are so small that they go largely unnoticed.

A handful of plastic nurdles

Nurdles found at St Bees beach

We’d like to know more about how bad this problem is so we’ll be buying some sieves, getting on our hands and knees and doing a Nurdle Hunt at St Bees around the next neap tide.  Details are still being finalised but we will be asking for volunteers to come and help soon.

In the meantime how can you help reduce this problem?  You can avoid microplastics by:

  • ensuring any products you buy don’t contain them (microplastics are banned in the UK but are still used in other countries)
  • recycle plastic products where possible
  • recycling anything you do need to throw away
  • not flushing anything other than the three P’s (pee, poo and paper) down the toilet
  • joining a beach clean and help clean up our beaches – we have regular beach cleans at Whitehaven and St Bees, see our events page for all the info you need

St Bees Head Fog Signal Station

We had a great day last week taking members of the public on a walk through the Colourful Coast to the St Bees Head Fog Signal Station as part of Heritage Open Days.

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The weather was kind which made it a pleasure to show off this stretch of coast.  Some of the people who joined us had travelled a few hours and some others had lived in Whitehaven all their lives but none of them had ever been inside the Fog Signal Station.  After talking to a few people on the walk we thought it would be good to share some of the information we have about this interesting and unusual building.

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The building has a long and interesting history, but fog warnings were set off long before the current building was built.

An explosive fog warning device was in use at the lighthouse from 1913.  This would have given an explosive blast at set intervals to warn shipping of low visibility.  The blast would have come from disposable tonite charges fixed to the pivoted arm, then set off by the lighthouse keepers after they had retreated as far as they could; the blasts are understood to have been extremely and uncomfortably loud.

The exact date of when the use of the explosive charge stopped and the Fog Signal Station came into use is unclear.   A set of drawings from Trinity House’s engineering section dated 1962 show the plans for the current fog signal station on the cliff’s edge, comprised of a bank of electronically-operated horns.  We know from talking to people locally that they remember the building being constructed in 1963 and 1964.

St Bees 058_006 copyright Trinity House

A drawing from 1971 shows the installation of automatic fog detectors, which typically ran calculations on mist density in the air and instigated the signal automatically if the water density in the air went over a certain figure and became a hazard to shipping.

It is unclear how long the electronic fog signal apparatus was in use for at St Bees, but it would not be unreasonable to assume that it was discontinued when the lighthouse was converted to automatic operation in 1987.

160526 St Bees Fog Horn Station (c) Sophie Badrick (26)

The fog signal apparatus was a Trinity House-type 3kw 30-unit stack. The ‘character’ of the fog signal itself (i.e. the pattern of sound/silence/sound/silence) was two ‘blasts’ every 45 seconds, being blast 4.0s, silent 2.0s, blast 4.0s, silent 35.0s. This blast had a nominal range of 16 nautical miles!

160526 St Bees Fog Horn Station (c) Ed Jagger (2)

If you have any memories, stories, photos or information about the Fog Signal Station that you’d like to share then please get in touch.  At the moment the building is currently closed to the public, but we’ll be running more guided walks to the Fog Signal Station in future so please keep checking the website for details.

Whitehaven’s Great British Beach Clean

Once again this autumn we organised a Great British Beach Clean at Whitehaven.  Now in it’s 25th year the Great British Beach Clean, coordinated by the Marine Conservation Society, is the biggest beach clean and survey in the UK.

The information volunteers have collected over the last 25 years has helped make some of the most significant impacts on beach litter ever – the plastic bag charge, microplastics banned in personal care products, better wet wipe labelling, and massive support for a tax on ‘on the go’ plastic single use items.

Trying to get used to the survey forms always takes a little while  so perhaps it was good that the beach at Whitehaven was surprisingly clean.  However, a few steps along the beach and looking amongst the rocks and we soon found enough litter to keep us going.  In total the four of us collected 269 pieces of litter in just one hour.  There was rope, cigarette butts, plastic cups, paper, plastic, glass, nails, lolly sticks and straws.  Joseph even collected some rope that was nearly as tall as he is!

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The rope’s nearly as tall as Joseph!

 

The full report from the beach clean can be found her 180915 Whitehaven North Shore – Survey 15 Sep 2018.  It shows that most of the litter we collected was plastic or polystyrene with paper and cardboard a close second.  Most of this was rubbish we were collecting and disposing of before it reached the sea.  We had surprisingly little sanitary waste which is different from when we beach clean at St Bees.

As always a massive thank you to our dedicated volunteers who gave up their Saturday morning and came out to beach clean in some grey and windy weather!